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Classification of rights and duties

WritingLaw.com Classification Of Legal Rights And Legal Duties Right means claims, titles, liberties, powers, and immunities summed together. Legal right is an interest which is recognised and protected by the law. Classification Of Rights 1. Perfect and Imperfect Right A right that is enforceable by law is a perfect right Human Rights can be broadly classified into different perspectives: Firstly the perspective of various aspects to human life-civil, Social, Economic, Cultural, Political and Moral secondly, from the perspective of the methods of securing them. On the second basis, they are constitutional or legal After reading this article you will learn about the classification of rights. There are three principles, or pro­cedural rules, which regulate the distribution of rights among the members of an organized community: the principle of Liberty, the principle of Equality, and the principle of Frater­nity or Co-operation

8 Classification of Rights, Duties and Theories of Rights

  1. Classification of Human Rights French Jurist Karel Vasak has classified Human Rights as under : a) Civil and Political Rights b) Economic, Social and Cultural Rights c) Solidarity Rights 1) Civil and Political Rights : The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), 1948 has provided for Civil and Political Rights under Article 2 to 21. It.
  2. Classification of rights 1. Primary and secondary right A primary right is a right which is vested in a person by the law protects by contract or in any other legal manner
  3. Classification of legal rights-. 1) Right in Rem and Right in Persona -. 'Rem' means world and 'Persona' means persons. The Right in Rem is the right available against the whole world while right in Persona is the right against a particular person. Right in Persona generally arises out of contractual obligations for example - breach of contract.
  4. Absolute and Relative Duties - Austin has classified duties into absolute and relative. Relative duties are that duty which is related to some right and absolute rights are those which does not relate with any right. Austin also given classify absolute rights
  5. sanctions create jural rights and duties.4 As used and defined in this article, jural rights and duties require only some group of persons, organized for governmental purposes, and represented by agents whose reaction to specific facts, for and against individual persons, can be predicted wit~ reasonable certainty
  6. Rights are inseparably related with duties. There is a close relationship between them No Duties Ho Rights. No Rights No Duties. If I have rights it is my duty to respect the rights others in society. 11. Rights need enforcement and only then these can be really used by the people. These are protected and enforced by the laws of the.
  7. Duties Owed to the sovereign; Classification of Duties. As like any other concept, Duties too have been classified further. In jurisprudence, Duties have been classified under two different heads. So lets have a quick overview of both these heads. Positive and Negative Duties: Duties has been classified either as positive or as negative

CLASSIFICATION OF RIGHTS Classificatio n of Rights Civill Rights Political Rights Economic Rights Perfect and Imperfect Rights Positive and Negaive RightsPrimary and Secondary Public and Private Rights Right in Rem and Right in Personam Proprietary and Personal Right Re Propria and Re Aliena 5. LEGAL DUTIES 'A duty is an obligatory act Classification of Duties ➢ Moral duty and legal duty: Legal duties are opposite to legal rights, and are recognized by the law in the administration of justice. Moral duty is the opposite of moral right. Although it is not recognized by law, it is implemented in accordance with established norms and social values The article is about all the areas of rights and duties. In this article we are dealing with the jurisprudential aspects of rights and duties. Kinds and classification of right and duties. Introduction: The concept of Rights and Duties form an important part of Legal Jurisprudence. The concept has been severally elaborated by various jurists and scholars Classification of Legal Right Right in rem and Right in Persona. The right in rem is the right available against society at large. For Example:- a crime committed under I.P.C because it is a crime committed against the state. We can conclude that rights and duties are co-existent. In the words of Salmond, it can be said that no right exists.

The Classification of Rights - Political Science Note

Classification of Human Rights [ Universal Declaration of

Ll.b i j1 u 4 rights and duties. 1. Legal rights and Duties Course-LL.B-I Subject-Jurisprudence-I Unit-4 1. 2. Rights Duty. 3. Wrongful Act- • An act contrary to the rule of right and justice. • A wrong may be described ,in the largest sense, as any thing done or omitted contrary to legal duty, considered insofar as it gives rise to liability Rights and Duties: Rights and duties are the very important elements of law. The administration of justice, in most part, consists of the enforcement of rights and the fulfillment of duties. Rights and duties are correlated to each other in such a way that one cannot be conceived of without the other Hohfeld's rights, duties, privileges, and no-rights are simply shorthand terms for saying what liabilities the law prescribes between two people for the doing or not doing of an act.14 Hohfeld's duty arises from rules of positive law.15 The term DUTY is commonly misinterpreted by others as Hohfeld used it 1. Categories of Rights A right to life, a right to choose; a right to vote, to work, to strike; a right to one phone call, to dissolve parliament, to operate a forklift, to asylum, to equal treatment before the law, to feel proud of what one has done; a right to exist, to sentence an offender to death, to launch a nuclear first strike, to castle kingside, to a distinct genetic identity; a.

The positive features of Hohfeld's analysis should not be overlooked. His scheme has advanced our knowledge of concepts of 'rights' and 'duties', particularly through his specific comparisons. He has drawn attention to the legal circumstances which may flow from the existence or absence of defined rights, liabilities, etc Legal rights & Duties are those rights & duties which are recognized and protected by law. Legal Right in stricto senso or Claim means that there is a corresponding duty and are defined as interests which the law protects by imposing corresponding duties on others. Legal rights in wider sense not necessarily have the corresponding duty Classification of Duties A. LEGAL AND MORAL DUTIES :- A Legal duty is adversary of a legal wrong and it is recognized by the law for administration of justice. Similarly, Moral duty is an opposite of moral wrong, but is not recognized by law but it is followed out of human conscience and social perception Human Rights 68 (vi) Indian Perspectives such as Gandhian 4. HUMAN RIGHTS MOVEMENTS (i) International (ii) National 5. CLASSIFICATION OF RIGHTS AND DUTIES Moral, Social, Cultural, Economic, Civil, and Political 6. HUMAN DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES (i) Concepts of Humanism, Duties and Responsibilities (ii) Identification of human duties and responsibilities: Duties towards self, family. Duties can be and are defined by reference to the actual, the probable or the intended consequences of acts. Thus arises a threefold classification of duties, which is important, among other reasons, because the different classes of duties largely correspond to dif ferent kinds of rights, as will be explained below. That classification is as.

What is the classification of rights? Rights are classified into two types: moral and legal. Moral rights are those rights which are related to our ethical sense of life. But if legal rights are violated legal action may follow. A legal right is a right recognised by the state; it is in a way the product of law sanctions create jural rights and duties.4 As used and defined in this article, jural rights and duties require only some group of persons, organized for governmental purposes, and represented by agents whose reaction to specific facts, for and against individual persons, can be predicted wit~ reasonable certainty The fundamental rights of states are not susceptible of being affected in any manner whatsoever. ARTICLE 6. The recognition of a state merely signifies that the state which recognizes it accepts the personality of the other with all the rights and duties determined by international law. Recognition is unconditional and irrevocable. ARTICLE rights, duties, liabilities or legal relations either of himself or other persons Public Power - Vested in a person as an agent or instrument of the functions of the State (Legislative; Executive; and Judicial)‏ Private Power - Vested in persons to be exercised for their own purpos v Rights are duties are interrelated to each other. No duties, no rights. If I have rights it is my duty to respect the rights of others in the society. v Rights are justiciable. v Rights are protected and enforced by the laws of the state. It is the duty of the state to protect the rights of the people

Rights, Duties and Responsibilities Civic Sense y Discuss the history of citizenship in the world and in India y Identify the three classifications of citizens provided for in the Constitution of Indi Reciprocity of Rights and Duties In interpersonal relationship, rights and duties are reciprocal. The right of one person implies in another the duty to respect that right. 17. Kinds of Duties 1. Natural Duties - imposed by natural law 18. 2. Positive - imposed by a human positive law 19 These rights reveal what is beneficial and useful and it also corresponds to a duty on some person. 2. Classification of rights. Rights having regard to the person of inherence, are principally classified by Muslim jurists into following kinds. (i) Rights of Allah or public rights. (ii) Rights of men or private rights

Meaning, definition and theory of Rights and Dutie

Page 3 of 16 A WHO OR WHAT IS A LEGAL SUBJECT? The term legal subject can be defined as a bearer of juristic competencies, subjective rights (with the inherent powers or entitlements) and legal duties.2 In South African law there are two categories of legal subjects: (i) natural persons and (ii) juristic persons.All human beings are referred to as natural persons and are thus legal subjects Learn the concepts of Class 8 General Knowledge Indian Constitution and Fundamental Concepts with Videos and Stories. Fundamental Rights.,Classification of Rights.,Directive Principle of State Policy.,Fundamental Duties JURISPRUDENCE - UNIT IV - RIGHTS, PERSONS AND LIABILITIES. SASI K.G. 01. Meaning and Classification of Legal Rights and Duties. Legal rights are, clearly, rights which exist under the rules of legal systems or by virtue of decisions of suitably authoritative bodies within them. According to positivists, legal rights are essentially those. The following are the general right and duties of auditors specifically to the audit of financial statements: Auditors' Rights: Assess the records, including the right to access to all financial and non-financial information for the auditing period as well as related period—those records including management account, financial reporting, and accounting system

Rights and Duties of States-Convention Signed at Montevideo, December 26, 1933. [Here follow the names of plenipotentiaries.] The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: a) a permanent population; b) a defined territory; c) government; and d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states. The. Fundamental Rights and Duties: Rights are the reasonable claims of a person over other fellow beings, the society and the government.The claims should be such that they can be made available to others in an equal measure. Thus, a right comes with an obligation to respect other's rights The rights and duties are important but no action is taken for enforcing these rights and duties. The rights form a good ground for defence but duties do not form a good ground for action. However, in some cases, an imperfect right is sufficient to enforce equity. Salmond's Classification of Real and Personal Rights. Real Rights The classroom teacher classification comprises two salary ranges range 1 and range 2. To have expert knowledge of the subject area. Are the provisions in sections 22 and 23 teachers rights or privileges. Teachers have a right to. Batas pambansa blg 232 list your rights and the corresponding duties and obligations as a teacher rights obligations 1 Classification of Legal Rights Various jurists have classified legal rights in different ways. Rights may be classified as follows: Positive and Negative Rights Positive and negative rights can be clearly understood through following points: A positive right corresponds to a positive duty, whereas a negative right corresponds to a negative duty

Duties may be classified as follows : Legal Duties and Moral Duties: A legal duty is an act the opposite of which is a legal wrong. Positive or Negative Duties: Primary and Secondary Duties: Universal General and Particular Duties: Relative and Absolute Duties: What are the classification of rights? Human rights can be classified in a. 1. CONCEPT OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND DUTIES (i) Values : Dignity, liberty, equality, justice, unity in diversity (ii) Inherent, inalienable, Universal and indivisible (iii) Classification of rights (iv) Classification of duties (v) Correlation of rights and duties. 2. HISTORICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE Rights, duties and accountability of Civil Servants and Governmental Employees (1) The rights, duties and accountability of civil servants shall be governed by law and regulations enacted pursuant thereto. (2) General labour regulations shall be applied to any and all matters not governed hereby Legal Rights and Duties Legal rights are, clearly, rights which exist under the rules of legal systems or. by virtue of decisions of suitably authoritative bodies within them. According to positivists, legal rights are essentially those interests which have. been legally recognized and protected

(2) Basis of rights Duties - Imagination of rights in the absence of duties. cannot be done. Mahatma Gandhi used to say that - A person should perform his duties, he will get the rights automatically. According to Gandhiji, duties come first and rights come later. That is, rights arise from duty Concept of Rights, Duties and Jural Relations under Jurisprudence and law is briefly summarized in this post. Concept of Rights Rights. 1, moral rights-à evolve from natural justice. 2, legal rights-à evolve from legal justice. Wrong: is an act contrary to the rule of rights and justice (Salmond) 1, moral wrong-à opposed to the rule of. 2) Rights of an Advocate in India. The provisions relating to rights of advocates have been described under Sections 29, 30, 32, 33 and 34 of Advocates Act, which are as follows: This section came into operation on 1st June, 1969 also the basic tenets of law like Rights and Duties - Legal Literature on Rights and Duties does not contain articulated definitions - Their meanings are nothing but expressions and experiences. Right and Duty are the two sides of the same coin. •In generic sense, Right denotes Za standard of permitted action within a given sphere by law [ The Partnership Deed contains the mutual rights, duties, and obligations of the partners. In certain cases, the Partnership Act also makes a mandatory provision as regards the rights and obligations of partners. When there is no Deed or the deed is silent on any point, the rights and obligations as provided in the Partnership Act shall apply

Type of hazard Description Likelihood 1-5 Severity of risk

The first classification is that of perfect rights and perfect duties. Rights which go along with perfect duties are known as perfect rights and perfect duties are those which not only possess legal recognition but are also, strictly enforceable 1 THE CORRELATIVITY OF DUTIES AND RIGHTS James Fieser International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 1992, Vol. 7, pp. 1-8. It is generally accepted that rights and duties are related in such a way that the rights of one person entail the duties of another person.1 For example, if I have a right to payment of $10 by Smith, then Smith has a duty. Duties and rights are inextricably linked: Rights and responsibilities are inextricably linked and cannot be separated. Both work well together. These are two sides of a same coin. When a citizen is granted the right to life, the state also imposes on him the responsibility of not endangering his own life and of respecting the lives of others A good constitution must possess the following characteristics -. Definiteness. Comprehensiveness. Stability and flexibility. Suitability. Provision of rights and duties. The following are the salient features of the Constitution of India. Longest written constitution. Partly Rigid and Partly Flexible Sometimes a bill of rights or declaration of rights lists the duties of the government also. Explain that the rights contained in constitutions can be classified into several categories. To help students focus on what kinds of rights are contained in their country's constitution, set up this framework of four topic areas or classification.

Classification of Legal Rights - SRD Law Note

Hohfeld's Analysis of Rights. Hohfeld sought to clarify the proposition 'X has a right to do R' which may mean one of four things: a) That Y is under a duty to allow X to do R; this means that X has a claim against Y. He calls this claim right simply a 'right'. b) That X is free to do or refrain from doing something; Y owes no duty to X Bye Law No 22 to 44 of Maharashtra Co-operative Housing Society Bye Laws. It describes about the Rights and Duties of Members, Active & Non-active Members, Inspection of documents and Books of records, Associate and Nominal Members, Resignation by Member / Associate Member / Nominal Member, Procedure of Nomination etc Therefore, MacCormick sees legal rights as 'grounds' of duties, or reasons for imposing duties rather than simply being a correlative of the duty. On the face of it, this mounts a direct attack on the Hohfeldian Correlativity Axiom because, it will be recalled, that for Hohfeld each of the pairs of legal positions must be mutually entailed by. Rights and Duties. As discussed earlier, 'rights' is one of the most misunderstood terms since everything is tried to be defined as a right. Words such as privilege, power and immunity are used synonymously with the term 'rights'. However, Hohfeld is of the opinion that if we look at the statutes carefully, there is a marked distinction. (2) Right is viewed in the sense of liberty, right is liberty. There is a general and popular view that rights imply duties. A man cannot claim/demand rights if he does not perform duties. Rights, in this sense, are correlative to duties or functions. But when rights are interpreted in the background of liberty the doing of duty does not arise.

The concept of Rights and Duties - iPleader

Duties in the strict sense have corresponding rights, and duties in the wider sense do not. Non-correlative duties do not fit into the Hohfeldian scheme. Article 51-A of Indian Constitution deals with 'Fundamental Duties', which are absolute duties i.e. duties not accompanied by rights. Although it is a duty of every citizen to respect. *Note: The Department of Labor revised the regulations located at 29 C.F.R. part 541 with an effective date of January 1, 2020. WHD will continue to enforce the 2004 part 541 regulations through December 31, 2019, including the $455 per week standard salary level and $100,000 annual compensation. classification of duties : A. LEGAL AND MORAL DUTIES :- A Legal duty is adversary of a legal wrong and it is recognized by the law for administration of justice. Similarly, Moral duty is an opposite of moral wrong, but is not recognized by law but it is followed out of human conscience and social perception

To this point, we have focused on the rights and duties of the two parties to the contract. In this section, we turn our attention to contracts in which outsiders acquire rights or duties or both. Three types of outsiders merit examination: Assignees (outsiders who acquire rights after the contract is made) Delegatees (outsiders wh The Declaration of Human Duties and Responsibilities (DHDR) was written for reinforcing the implementation of human rights under the auspices of the UNESCO and the interest of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights and was proclaimed in 1998 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights(UDHR) in the city of Valencia Fundamental Rights (Articles 12-35) are in Part III of the Indian Constitution. Fundamental Rights are broadly classified into 6 different rights - these rights are conferred on the citizens of India by the Constitution, these rights are inviolable. Download Fundamental Rights notes PDF. For UPSC 2021 Preparation, follow BYJU'S A legal subject's ability to bear rights and duties. This is the legal subject's capacity to perform juristic acts. This is the legal subject's capacity to be a party to court proceedings. This is a legal subject's capacity to be held liable for unlawful conduct. Ability to distinguish between right and wrong Rights of Bailor 1) Enforcement of Rights: The bailor has a right to sue the bailee for enforcing all the liabilities and duties of him. 2) Avoidance of Contract (Section 153): The bailor has a right to terminate the bailment if the bailee doesn't any act inconsistent with the terms of the bailment with regard to the goods bailed

Classification is where Kant would put the moral relation between humans ~nd. am­ mals. Also lacking in members, thirdly, would be the rights of human belllgs to­ ward beings that have only duties but no rights, for these would be humans Without personality (serfs slaves) and there are no such. And, fourthly, als Political rights are given to the citizens by the state, i.e. right to contest election, right to vote, right to hold any public office, etc. Economic rights include right to work, to rest, to housing, to buy own property in any part of country and to possess any job or profession in the country. Question 2 Fundamental Rights and Duties: Rights are the reasonable claims of a person over other fellow beings, the society and the government.The claims should be such that they can be made available to others in an equal measure. Thus, a right comes with an obligation to respect other's rights Students' Responsibilities. A student has the. BANK CUSTOMERS' BILL OF RIGHTS AND DUTIES The Customer is the most important person in the economy and every business succeeds only when the customer is happy. This explains why the customer is regarded as King. As a King, the customer has many rights. But a King also has duties which he owes himself and the economy Classification of Duties Duties are classified under the following categories - Primary and Secondary Duties - A primary duty which is independent of any other duty and does not have to depend upon other duties. On the other hand secondary duty which is also known as a remedial duty which depends on other duties

To confer legal rights or to impose legal duties, therefore, is to confer legal personality.2 If society by effective sanctions and through its agents will coerce A to act or to forbear in favor of B, B has a right and A owes a duty.3 Predictability of socie-tal action, therefore, determines rights and duties and rights and duties determine. All duties are relative just as all rights are. There can be no absolute duties and Austin's classification of duties into absolute and relative duties is unsound. A strong legal system shall consist of Legal Rights and Legal Duties like its two non-separable parts

Rights, privileges, powers, immunities - these four seem fairly to constitute a comprehensive general classification of legal rights in the generic sense. The four correlative terms - duty, no-right, liability and disability - likewise sufficiently classify the legal burdens which correspond to the legal benefits Concepts of Rights and Duties . Certain legal concepts. n n Right and Duty Liberty and No-right Power and Liability Immunity and Disability . Identify the concept applicable. n n n I can obtain legal aid from the State if I am not able to defend myself in a criminal case. I have to exercise care and caution, while driving a vehicle on the road

Rights and Duties - Yale Universit

Rights, Duties, and Liabilities Between Principal and Agent. An agency is the creation of a contract entered into by mutual consent between a principal and an agent. By agency, a principal grants authority to an agent to act on behalf of and under the control of the principal. The relation between a principal and an agent is fiduciary and an. Right of Retainer: Agent has right to deduct the amount which is due to him by principal, from amount payable to principal. Right of stoppage in transit: In case where agent is personally liable, he has right to stop the goods in transit. The good may be moving towards customer or principal. Right to claim Remuneration: As per the terms of agency contract, agent has rights to claim remuneration Subd. 4. Confidential employee. Confidential employee means an employee who as part of the employee's job duties: (1) is required to access and use labor relations information as that term is defined in section 13.37, subdivision 1, paragraph (c); or (2) actively participates in the meeting and negotiating on behalf of the public employer Misclassification of Employees as Independent Contractors. Misclassified employees often are denied access to critical benefits and protections they are entitled to by law, such as the minimum wage, overtime compensation, family and medical leave, unemployment insurance, and safe workplaces Three Generations (Phases) of Human Rights Philosophy . Enlightenment (17th-18th Century) The first tier or generation consists of civil and political rights and derives primarily from the seventeenth and eighteenth-century political theories noted earlier which are associated with the English, American, and French revolutions

Rights & Duties Form: notifies employees of their rights and duties relating to workers' compensation and the use of a list of designated health care providers. It is provided to all new employees during orientation and at the time of injury Figure 3. Rights and duties: support, rehabilitation and compensation. Most of the workers' rights listed are part of standard return-to-work services for injured workers according to state-of-the-art rehabilitation techniques (Perlman and Hanson 1993) Likewise, what are rights and duties? Duties and Rights Law and Legal Definition. Generally, a duty is an obligation and a right is a entitlement. They may exist as a moral or a legal matter. For example, morally, a person may have a duty not to hurt another's feelings. Rights may also exist on a moral or legal matter Rights and duties. The recognition of human rights is not only a right for their implementation, but also the performance of certain obligations. According to the international law, states assume obligations to respect, protect and fulfill human rights. At the individual level, everyone should respect the rights of others. Classification of. It is concerned with the rules themselves as opposed to the procedure on how to apply them. It defines the rights and duties of parties and provides remedies when those rights are violated e.g. law of contract, negligence, defamation. It defines offences and prescribes punishment e.g. Penal Code Cap 63

Rights: Meaning, Features and Types of Right

Right to be Informed—about price, quality, purity. Right to Choose—access to a variety of goods and services at competitive prices. Right to be Heard—consumers interest and welfare must be taken care of. Right to seek Redressal—protection against unfair trade practices and settling genuine grievances Human rights - Human rights - Defining human rights: To say that there is widespread acceptance of the principle of human rights is not to say that there is complete agreement about the nature and scope of such rights or, indeed, their definition. Among the basic questions that have yet to receive conclusive answers are the following: whether human rights are to be viewed as divine, moral, or. With rights and privileges come duties. Freedom is one of our most of import privileges. but in order to hold freedom. we must accept the duties of being United States citizens. We besides have privileges such as freedom and the right to keep any authorities occupation or public office. Citizens have many rights such as freedom of address. The law of obligations is one branch of private law under the civil law legal system and so-called mixed legal systems. It is the body of rules that organizes and regulates the rights and duties arising between individuals. The specific rights and duties are referred to as obligations, and this area of law deals with their creation, effects and extinction Social protection research and policy often hold unbalanced views on the relationship between rights and duties, thereby segregating the poor from the non-poor. This has implications for solidarity and for the sustainability of social protection systems. By applying citizenship theories to social protection, we show that duties need.

Video: Concept of Rights and Duties under Jurisprudence Law colum

Legal Rights and Duties - SlideShar

the rights and duties which exists between the citizens. In Public Law, the State is not only the arbiter, but is also one of the parties interested. The rights and classification is breaking down and the theory of State as the arbiter of all disputes is being questioned. In fact, many disputes today are against the State. All citizens are equal before the law. They have equal public rights and duties without discrimination due to sex, ethnic origin, language, religion or creed. Art.41: Individual freedom is a natural right not subject to violation except in cases of flagrante delicto Go to: Job Family Structures Job Family Definition Guide Job Classification Search (job descriptions of specific classifications) Resources The University has organized its employee roles into broad job families with clearly defined career paths and transparent pay structures. The job families represent similar types of roles and duties across the University Classification & Qualifications. Welcome to the U.S. Office of Personnel Management's Federal Position Classification and Qualifications website. This website provides Federal position classification, job grading, and qualifications information that is used to determine the pay plan, series, title, grade, and qualification requirements for most. Classification of Laws Substantive Law All laws that set out the rights and duties of individuals Procedural Law Procedures taken to enforce a substantive law Substantive Right An individual right enforceable at law Public Law Relates to relationship between governments and persons Private Law Relates to relationship.

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Equality in India... Fundamental Rights and Duties TEN FUNDANMANTAL DUTIES 1.To abide by the constitution and to respect ideals of constitution and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem. TEN FUNDANMANTAL DUTIES. 2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom. TEN FUNDANMANTAL DUTIES. 3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity. The Hohfeldian analysis can easily be taken to be somewhat deflationary of the importance of rights (in favor of the importance of duties) to both moral and legal theory, and both the defense and the critique of Hohfeld that follows seek to undo that implication for the importance of rights. These three tasks of explication, defense, and. Book II concludes with three more chapters treating the various duties toward ourselves (II.4), the right and limits of self-defense (II.5), and the right of necessity (II.6). Before turning to various categories of hypothetical duties in Book III, Pufendorf examines several absolute requirements toward other humans The Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles are two sides of a coin that serve one purpose, the interest of the citizen. While rights and duties are fundamental and go to the root of how a citizen behaves or acts in the society, the other is a guideline for the State to create and pass laws